Today, the traditional Mediterranean diet is considered worldwide to be one of the most effective for maintaining health, and is also one of the most varied and balanced diets known.
The Mediterranean diet, of which so much is said, is nothing more than diet that consists mainly of plant origin foods, one that is rich in grains (wheat, rice, barley, rye, barley), pulses, fruits, vegetables, fish, olive oil.
The consumption of these foods, and a limitation on their quantities are, along with weight control and adequate physical activity, the basis of a healthy lifestyle. Numerous studies have shown that a diet that is rich in plant foods and moderate in the consumption of animal foods, protects the emergence of numerous diseases that are widespread in developed countries (cardiovascular diseases, respiratory and digestive diseases) and prevents the malady of the century: obesity.
Sources: Italian Health Ministry, Italian Food Pyramid (created by the Division of Food Science, Department of Medical Pathophysiology, La Sapienza, University of Rome). Linee guida per una sana alimentazione italiana 2003 [Guidelines for a Healthy Italian Diet – 2003], the National Institute of Research on Food and Nutrition (INRAN) for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.